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Four Components For Inspecting Field Storage Tanks

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Tank Inspection

API standard 653 inspections are regularly done to ensure above ground tank longevity. They can be used as indicators of operational efficiency and safety. It also guarantees that tanks are following state regulatory requirements.

You should have your tanks checked by certified inspectors because they can help you get through the process completely in a professional and timely manner. API 653 storage tank inspections can make sure that your tanks are reliable, safe, and serve their purpose well.

Here are the four components of storage tanks that are subject for inspection.

Bottom, Shell, and Roof Components

First, it is essential to inspect the tank’s bottom, shell, and roof components. Different types of inspections to be performed include the use of tracer gas, vacuum box, liquid penetrant, magnetic particle, and penetrating oil. These are used to inspect the overall structure of the tank components.

Radiography, ultrasonic scan and spot, magnetic flux scan, and visual inspections are also applied to check for corrosion and leaks. These monthly inspections should be logged for future reference. Tank owners or an in-house inspector performs these inspections.


The inspection of the structure of the tank follows the initial components. Check the maximum corrosion rate, minimum thickness required, and minimum thickness remaining of the tank’s bottom, shell, and roof. The original thickness and corrosion rate, as well as its current status should be listed down. Whatever the results of the initial examination are, frequent inspections of these components should be conducted.

Ground Settlement

Inspecting the ground settlement of a storage tank is also important. This determines whether a tank is settling on the ground properly or is already tilting in its position. Part of inspecting the settlement of a tank includes evaluation of its plane, dish type, and uniform. Its rigid body, localized dispersions, and edge settlement are also assessed.

General Components

API 653 tank inspection also includes evaluation of tank specifications, spill control, and release detection. Keep in mind that internal inspections are due every 10 years, while external inspections are done every 5 years. This is applicable for formal API inspections.

Ensure that your company’s storage tanks meet the requirements. Have professionals use the standard inspections so your manufacturing business will keep on running smoothly.

Wonder Women in Military Uniform: Top 3 Reasons to Apply for SAF Merit Scholarship for Women

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A young woman from Singapore The news of women entering the military is no longer new. Many women had joined and succeeded as members of the armed forces in different ages and countries. Nevertheless, women’s decision to join an organisation that used to be exclusive to men is still worth celebrating up to this day.

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) is not short on stories of successful and admirable SAF women. If you are a woman who wants to pursue an exciting career, you might want to join the military. You can apply for SAF Merit Scholarship for women. It will not be easy, but below are the top reasons for you to try it out.


It has been more than 20 years since the scholarship was created. So far, only around 40 to 50 women have been granted the scholarship. It is not that only a few women were interested. There were lots of them, but the selection process for the scholarship remains too rigid.

Aside from academic performance, the physical fitness of applicants is also taken into consideration. That’s what makes the SAF Merit Scholarship for women one of the hardest to get. It is also one of the best scholarship programs offered to women in the country.

Leadership Roles

The duty of an SAF member is no joke. The country depends on the organisation for peace and security. It is fitting to pick the most efficient members to lead the organisation.

These include women. Those who are given the SAF Merit Scholarship for women get the chance to study and train abroad to hone their skills further. When they go back, leadership positions await them in various branches of the military.


Are you up for the challenge and thrill of flying a fighter plane? The majority of fighter pilots are men. However, more women are being accepted, trained and commissioned to become fighter pilots. Major Nah Jinping proves that women can survive and thrive despite the physical differences between men and women.

There is also satisfaction in beating the odds that many women face. Take 2LT Lynette Lioh’s experience as an example. She can perform over 60 sit-ups and 60 push-ups better than many men her age. If Major Nah and 2LT Lio can do it, you also can do it, and your first step is the SAF Merit Scholarship for women.

Brigadier-General Gan Siow Huang can also be your inspiration in becoming one of the SAF women. She is among the first batch of recipients of the SAF Merit Scholarship for women. She became a Colonel in 2010, and five years later, she was promoted to Brigadier-General.

How Do You Improve the Quality of Life of an Elderly Loved One?

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EldersAs your loved one’s age, their bodies deteriorate, whether physically or mentally; they begin to forget even the little things or lose the ability to do routine tasks. These are big blows to their confidence and may even lead to depression.

An expert from an independent living facility cites the following ways to improve the quality of life of your elderly loved one:

Quality Time

Old folks need to feel a connection to other people, especially their remaining family. You need to visit them frequently if you no longer live with them. You don’t have to spend the whole day together; an hour of dinner or lunch or just a social visit will do. However, it’s better if you spend an entire weekend together to connect, tell stories, or share fun activities.

Legacy Retirement and other independent communities in Utah offer activities for physical, social, and intellectual skills. The time you spent with them doing these activities will add life to their years and prevent the onset of depression.

Small Goals

People need to do something regardless of their age; it’s in a person’s DNA. A young person would sometimes set so many goals, they can’t achieve all of them in a lifetime. Seniors need to set their sights on something to look forward to for the day. This gives them a sense of direction and accomplishment that boosts their confidence and prevents them from withdrawing inward.

The goals don’t have to be as complicated as conquering the world or becoming a millionaire. Small ones such as finishing a handicraft project or joining yoga for an entire month are workable objectives for seniors.

Tech Saves the Day

Technology is a lifesaver; alert systems, heart monitors, and other similar devices improve the lives of seniors who have suffered from a debilitating disease. Mobile devices and the internet have also changed the way people connect and communicate.

Your loved one doesn’t have to waste away their golden years. These are just three of the ways you can improve the quality of life of your senior loved one.

Grandfather Clock: Care and Maintenance Hacks

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Grandfather ClockAntique furniture adds texture to any home interior. What more if it is a functional piece such as the grandfather clock? True to its name, this grand piece of time-teller is a pricey family heirloom that’s worth keeping. It does not decrease in appeal over time, but otherwise, represents a rich sense of history from its built down to its mechanical operation.

Basic Clock Care Tricks

As charming as they are, grandfather clocks demand a higher level of attention to help preserve their delicate, finely crafted appeal. For starters, you must remember to place them on a flat surface. Uneven alignment may cause one part of the grandfather clock to bear much pressure and wear out easily. When any part of this treasured clock goes, its integrity goes as well. It can quickly degrade once any of its parts becomes troublesome and you did not get proper assistance from clock repair professionals at Dutch Antiques to restore it like new.

Keep It Running

Another thing that you must keep in mind when you have a grandfather clock on board is to keep it running. Its beauty should be displayed – getting much attention – rather than kept neatly in a storage room and left unused. If the grandfather clock is stored for long periods of time with the power gone, it may lose lubrication causing the metals to break easily as they turn brittle.

Heat and Humidity

You must keep the grandfather clock safe against its worst enemies: heat and humidity. Direct sunlight can cause the mechanisms to rust and turn faulty. If you want a fully functional grandfather clock, make sure to keep it under ideal room temperatures and give it sufficient ventilation.

Cleaning And Maintenance

Schedule regular cleaning and maintenance with specialists in clock repairs for best results. This may go from a simple dusting to giving all the moving parts of your grandfather clock a roundabout, making sure they are lubricated and fit to work.

It may be too demanding to care for but doing maintenance properly is your best bet towards ensuring that your grandfather clock remains operational for long.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Commercial Diving Contractor

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Commercial Diving Contractor

Commercial Diving ContractorUnderwater structures will always be in need of repairs and commercial diving contractors are presently stepping up to meet demand. With the increasing number of possible diving companies that you can hire, it can be harder to choose the best one to fit your requirements.

Aside from their bidding price, Underwater Construction Corporation shares the following factors that should be considered when in search for your diving contractor.

Certification – One of the first questions that should be asked during your search is, “Are they legitimate?” Check each of the commercial diving companies’ background and history as well as the records of their divers. Are they fit for the task? Are they formally trained to properly deal with the underwater jobs that you’ll be assigning them? Avoid recreational scuba divers that do contractual jobs just to make some extra money. There are a number of expert diving companies out there that have prior experience that’s vital for your requirements.

Compliance with Safety Standards – The tasks given in commercial diving jobs are usually high risk so safety is given a very high priority. Any contractor that you plan to hire should comply with and even exceed the minimum safety standards set for the industry, from the equipment that they use to how they perform their dives. They should also have sufficient insurance for their employees so that if they get injured on the job, you won’t have to shoulder the cost.

Customer Relations – If you’re planning on hiring the same contractor for more than just one job, then you might also want to heavily consider how their work amongst themselves. Most importantly, how are their work ethics when they’re under you. Are they willing to work out the details of the job with you? Ask around among colleagues about prior projects they have completed in the past with other companies.

Checking the above criteria is important in ensuring that you will get the best choice. Avoid basing your decisions on just the pricing. In the end, you will profit more if you’re assured of quality results each time they complete a job.

Because Glitters and Gold Last Long: Investing in Jewelry

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JewelryInvesting is not just the game of the financially savvy. It’s for everyone who wants to protect their future. When it comes to this, it’s important to stick to what you know. That said, invest in things that matter.

For starters, it just makes sense to invest in safe policies and securities, such as health insurance and bonds. For the adventurous, trading with stocks is a nice option. But what if you want to diversify your portfolio? You might get jewelry.

Why invest in jewelry?

Of all the forms of investment, jewelry is something that you can wear. Its aesthetics and make are what make it highly valuable. It becomes more valuable if some amount of history comes with it. Like art, its value can be subjective at times; that may also mean that the older the jewelry gets, the more expensive it becomes.

As its prices are always fluctuating, you can take advantage of its prices the moment they go up. More importantly, it brings diversity to your portfolio.

How to invest?

Don’t go right away to the first seller you’ll meet along the way. Buying requires mastery, especially if you’re doing it for the long term. You may take the recommendations of your friends who invest in it. Do a lot of research, as this will help you determine the quality of a particular piece. You may also visit online forums where jewelry investors swap news. Other than visiting known retailers, you may buy from secondary sellers, such as family, friends, and pawn shops of diamond and gold.

Many advise against investing in jewelry because it’s not liquid, and its value fluctuates. But who says you’re going to invest in it right away? The first rule you need to keep in mind is you can only invest in jewelry if you have already secured more important investments.

Singapore’s Military Service: Here’s How You Can Volunteer

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SAF Volunteer Corps

SAF Volunteer CorpsSingapore is well-known as a country that requires military service among its residents. Over the past two years, the country has developed a new volunteer scheme, dubbed as the SAF Volunteer Corps to allow thousands of people from all walks of life to participate in the country’s military activities and contribute to the country’s defence.

For some people, it’s an opportunity to give back to the country. The good news is, this scheme is now available not only to residents, but also to expats and immigrants. Women are also allowed to join the military service.

What are the Requirements?

There are just a few requirements you’ll need before you can apply to be a uniformed volunteer in Singapore. First, you should be within the age limit of between 18 and 45 years old. Moreover, you should have no previous National Service commitment and this volunteer scheme is offered to Singaporean women, first generation permanent resident or new citizen.

One of the most important requirements is that you should be physically fit and active because this activity would entail many physical activities. Lastly, you should have the drive, motivation and desire to contribute to the country’s defence.

How Do the Volunteers Work?

There are many ways to contribute while enrolled in the country’s volunteer scheme. You can choose a role that would best fit your hobbies, favourite activities or even profession. You can choose from the system’s various divisions like information, security, naval operations, engineering, maritime, medical, legal, volunteer air force, and technology.

How Long Will You Volunteer?

Usually, volunteers would be called up for about seven days each year. This can be divided into different sessions depending on the need of their service. For instance, you can volunteer for your first call-up for three days and another four days on a separate occasion.

Strengthening the country’s defence is one of the essential purposes of the volunteer scheme. It provides an opportunity for citizens to get involved in various activities geared toward the welfare of the country as a whole. Lastly, it helps inculcate nationalism and love for one’s country among the citizens.

National Defence Wants You to be in Their Team

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Singapore's Elite ForcesBe part of something big and contribute to the country’s defence line by joining the new Singapore Armed Forces Volunteer Corps (SAFVC). Through these efforts, anyone who is Singaporean by birth or by residency can serve the nation. Both men and women, aged 18 to 45 are welcome to apply for the troupe.

The Vision behind SAFVC

The main reason behind this recruitment is to further improve safety and security in all of Singapore. You’ll be working hand-in-hand with Full-time National Servicemen (NSFs) to ensure the peace and harmony of the nation. Whether it is for a specific role or you simply want to make a change, the National Defence is always willing to accept you.

Why Join This Volunteer Drive?

As you begin your journey with this volunteering opportunity, you’ll get to learn new things. It’ll make you stronger emotionally, physically, and mentally. Along with that, this volunteer scheme will prepare for any situation that may arise, good or bad. By undergoing intensive training, you may be able to serve the people competently and confidently alongside NSFs and NSmen.

In addition, through this program, you’ll gain a lot of experience and skill sets which will help you as you go on with your life. It provides you not only military advantage over the others but can also get you ready in times of need.

Find the Perfect Role for You

After finishing the four-week basic military course, you may choose the role you’d want to take. It could be in the legal department, medical forces or security. Depending on whatever you think will work best for you, so long as you pass all the qualifying assessment and training.

Know what you can do to help the country by playing your part in the National Defence. For further details about applications and requirements, most of this information is readily available online, so be sure to research them first. Be part of the National Defence when you sign up today.

Sonar and Cameras for Underwater Inspections of Bridges

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Bridge InspectionFor bridges that pass over and through bodies of water, conducting routine underwater inspections are mandatory to ensure the safety of the public. Besides the hands-on inspections that certified diving bridge experts do, they also use specialized equipment to find every possible damage.

Some states require underwater bridge inspections every 60 months, but regulations may differ from one state to another. To make sure that inspectors see and foresee any damages until the next examination, they use reliable visual and sonar equipment for the job.

Below are the advantages and disadvantages of these equipment:

Sonar Scanning Equipment

Sonar scanning is one of the most effective ways to detect cracks, honeycombs, spalls, and others. They are able to detect targets that are two inches in size.

An example of such equipment is an underwater gage, which measures thickness. It can provide accurate measurements up to 300 meters in depth.

However, some inspectors say that the downside of sonar equipment is that wave motions of the water may affect the findings.

Underwater Cameras

Since sonars provide sound wave images, they do not provide the same visuals as cameras do. Inspectors can have a different view of the underwater structure as well as the conditions it is immersed in. The equipment may be carried by hand, or attached to the helmet of the certified diver.

The disadvantage of cameras is that the state of the water can affect what is visible and not. If the water is too murky or too turbulent, the camera might be ineffective.

Depending on the hired company, the equipment used and methodologies may differ on the type of bridge being inspected. To know which companies offer the best service, it is suggested to ask about their equipment and their effectiveness in finding damages. Though the divers are certified and knowledgeable, their findings are mainly based on what their equipment could detect.

Asphalt Roofs vs. Metal Roofs: The Pros and Cons

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Roofing in TaurangaWithout a doubt, the roof is one of the most important parts of a house. It protects us from harsh weather conditions. And if well-maintained, it can make our homes look more appealing. Unfortunately, many homeowners in Tauranga do not even think about it until it is damaged during a hailstorm or a blizzard.

If you are considering having a new roof for your home, KiwispoutNZ LTD says it is essential that you weigh the pros and cons of some of the common roofing materials in Tauranga, such as metal and asphalt. Let this article enlighten you.

Pros for asphalt roofs

  • Asphalt roofs are simple and quick to install. And, if any damages occur on them, the repairs are easy and fast.
  • Asphalt is affordable for many homeowners. Moreover, its roofing requires very little maintenance which is cost effective in the long run.
  • This type of roofing also has numerous colour and style options to suit the taste and preference of every homeowner.

Cons for asphalt roofs

  • They are highly susceptible to harsh weather conditions, especially hailstorms. What’s more, asphalt roofs can trap moisture during humid weather conditions and this can easily facilitate the growth of algae, moss, and mildew.
  • The warranties on asphalt roofs are usually high; however, their performance is closely related to their maintenance and ventilation.

Pros for metal roofing

  • Properly installed metal roofs provide good protection from harsh weather conditions and can last a long time. Unlike asphalt, metal is also resistant to moss, algae, rot, as well as insects.
  • Metal roofs are recyclable; hence, environmentally friendly. On the other hand, most wastes from asphalt roofs end up as part of the ever-increasing building-related waste stream.
  • It is safer to have metal on your roof than asphalt. This is because metal is noncombustible and will never spark into a flame during lightning strikes or in the case of a faulty electrical wiring.

Cons for metal roofing

  • Metal roofs are very expensive. For instance, copper metal roofing may cost as much as two times the cost of asphalt roofs. Therefore, not everybody can comfortably afford them.
  • Metal roofs are also very noisy, especially during hailstorms and heavy rains. Insulation can be added during installation, but at an extra cost.

With that in mind, you can now choose the right material that will work best for your home. Don’t hesitate to get some professional help when it comes to installation and maintenance.